Astro Coffee

Suggested papers for
Tue, Nov 13, 2018, Thu, Nov 15, 2018, and Fri, Nov 16, 2018 at 11 am

14 Nov 2018

Constraints on Decaying Dark Matter from the Isotropic Gamma-Ray Background

If the dark matter is unstable, the decay of these particles throughout the universe and in the halo of the Milky Way could contribute significantly to the isotropic gamma-ray background (IGRB) as measured by Fermi. In this article, we calculate the high-latitude gamma-ray flux resulting from dark matter decay for a wide range of channels and masses, including all contributions from inverse Compton scattering and accounting for the production and full evolution of cosmological electromagnetic ...

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9 Nov 2018

The hidden giant: discovery of an enormous Galactic dwarf satellite in Gaia DR2

We report the discovery of a Milky-Way satellite in the constellation of Antlia. The Antlia 2 dwarf galaxy is located behind the Galactic disc at a latitude of $b\sim 11^{\circ}$ and spans 1.26 degrees, which corresponds to $\sim2.9$ kpc at its distance of 130 kpc. While similar in extent to the Large Magellanic Cloud, Antlia~2 is orders of magnitude fainter with $M_V=-8.5$ mag, making it by far the lowest surface brightness system known (at $32.3$ mag/arcsec$^2$), $\sim100$ times more diffuse...

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7 Nov 2018

Thermophysical Modeling of Asteroid Surfaces using Ellipsoid Shape Models

Thermophysical Models (TPMs), which have proven to be a powerful tool in the interpretation of the infrared emission of asteroid surfaces, typically make use of a priori obtained shape models and spin axes for use as input boundary conditions. We test then employ a TPM approach - under an assumption of an ellipsoidal shape - that exploits the combination of thermal multi-wavelength observations obtained at pre- and post-opposition. Thermal infrared data, when available, at these observing circ...

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1 Nov 2018

Two new free-floating planet candidates from microlensing

Planet formation theories predict the existence of free-floating planets, ejected from their parent systems. Although they emit little or no light, they can be detected during gravitational microlensing events. Microlensing events caused by rogue planets are characterized by very short timescales $t_{\rm E}$ (typically below two days) and small angular Einstein radii $θ_{\rm E}$ (up to several uas). Here we present the discovery and characterization of two free-floating planet candidates iden...

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12 Nov 2018

An Adaptive Optics Survey of Stellar Variability at the Galactic Center

We present a $\approx 11.5$ year adaptive optics (AO) study of stellar variability and search for eclipsing binaries in the central $\sim 0.4$ pc ($\sim 10''$) of the Milky Way nuclear star cluster. We measure the photometry of 563 stars using the Keck II NIRC2 imager ($K'$-band, $λ_0 = 2.124 \text{ } μ\text{m}$). We achieve a photometric uncertainty floor of $Δ m_{K'} \sim 0.03$ ($\approx 3\%$), comparable to the highest precision achieved in other AO studies. Approximately...

Updated 2018/11/16 01:30:53