Astro Coffee

Suggested papers for
Tue, Mar 31, Thu, Apr 02, and Fri, Apr 03, 2020

1 Apr 2020

A 1201 s Orbital Period Detached Binary: the First Double Helium Core White Dwarf LISA Verification Binary

We report the discovery of a 1201 s orbital period binary, the third shortest-period detached binary known. SDSS J232230.20+050942.06 contains two He-core white dwarfs orbiting with a 27 deg inclination. Located 0.76 kpc from the Sun, the binary has an estimated LISA 4-yr signal-to-noise ratio of 40. J2322+0509 is the first He+He white dwarf LISA verification binary, a source class that is predicted to account for one-third of resolved LISA ultra-compact binary detections.

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30 Mar 2020

The AARTFAAC 60 MHz transients survey

We report the experimental setup and overall results of the AARTFAAC wide-field radio survey, which consists of observing the sky within 50 deg of Zenith with a bandwidth of 3.2 MHz at a cadence of 1 s, for 545 h. This yielded nearly 4 million snapshots, two per second, of on average 4800 square degrees and a sensitivity of around 60 Jy. We find two populations of transient events, one originating from PSR B0950+08 and one from strong ionospheric lensing events, as well as a possible single ex...

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27 Mar 2020

Periodicity in recurrent fast radio bursts and the origin of ultra long period magnetars

The recurrent fast radio burst FRB 180916 was recently shown to exhibit a 16 day period (with possible aliasing) in its bursting activity. Given magnetars as widely considered FRB sources, this period has been attributed to precession of the magnetar spin axis or the orbit of a binary companion. Here, we make the simpler connection to a {\it rotational period}, an idea observationally motivated by the 6.7 hour period of the Galactic magnetar candidate, 1E 161348--5055. We explore three physica...

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27 Mar 2020

An explanation of the repetition/pulse width relation in FRBs

It is currently not known if repeating fast radio bursts (FRBs) are fundamentally different from those that have not been seen to repeat. One striking difference between repeaters and apparent non-repeaters in the CHIME sample is that the once-off events are typically shorter in duration than sources that have been detected two or more times. We offer a simple explanation for this discrepancy based on a selection effect due to beamed emission, in which highly-beamed FRBs are less easily observ...

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31 Mar 2020

Physical Properties of 299 NEOs Manually Recovered in Over Five Years of NEOWISE Survey Data

Thermal infrared measurements of near-Earth objects provide critical data for constraining their physical properties such as size. The NEOWISE mission has been conducting an all-sky infrared survey to gather such data and improve our understanding of this population. While automated routines are employed to identify the majority of moving objects detected by NEOWISE, a subset of objects will have dynamical properties that fall outside the window detectable to these routines. Using the populati...

1 Apr 2020

Deflection of the hypervelocity stars by the dance of the Milky Way and Large Magellanic Cloud

Stars slingshotted by the supermassive black hole at the Galactic centre will escape the Milky Way so quickly that their trajectories will be almost straight lines. Previous works have shown how these `hypervelocity stars' are subsequently deflected by the gravitational field of the Milky Way and the Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC), but have neglected to account for the reflex motion of the Milky Way in response to the fly by of the LMC. A consequence of this motion is that the hypervelocity star...

24 Mar 2020

Orbital Parameter Determination for Wide Stellar Binary Systems in the Age of \textit{Gaia}

The orbits of binary stars and planets, particularly eccentricities and inclinations, encode the angular momentum within these systems. Within stellar multiple systems, the magnitude and (mis)alignment of angular momentum vectors among stars, disks, and planets probes the complex dynamical processes guiding their formation and evolution. The accuracy of the \textit{Gaia} catalog can be exploited to enable comparison of binary orbits with known planet or disk inclinations without costly long-te...


Updated 2020/04/03 15:53:09